News Release

Udemy Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results

February 14, 2024  |  

Udemy Business full-year 2023 revenue grew 34% year-over-year, driven by the global transformation to a skills-based economy and demand for generative AI professional skills

Platform adds 10 million learners and more than 1,800 net new Enterprise customers in 2023

Board of Directors approved share repurchase program of up to $100 million

SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 14, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Udemy (Nasdaq: UDMY), a leading online skills marketplace and learning platform, today reported results for the three- and twelve-month periods ended December 31, 2023. Udemy also announced today in a separate news release that its Board of Directors approved its first share repurchase program.

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial Results and Key Operating Data Summary
(in millions, except customers, percentages and basis points)

  Three Months Ended December 31, % Change Fiscal Year Ended December 31, % Change
  2023 2022 YoY 2023 2022 YoY
Revenue $189.5   $165.3   15 % $728.9   $629.1   16 %
Gross Profit $109.9   $91.3   20 % $419.3   $353.8   19 %
Gross Margin  58 %  55 % 300 bps  58 %  56 % 200 bps
Non-GAAP Gross Profit $112.5   $94.0   20 % $429.2   $362.0   19 %
Non-GAAP Gross Margin  59 %  57 % 200 bps  59 %  58 % 100 bps
Net Loss $(20.2)  $(52.2)  (61)% $(107.3)  $(153.9)  (30)%
Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) $3.8   $(22.8)  (117)% $1.9   $(68.3)  (103)%
Adjusted EBITDA $4.0   $(20.2)  (120)% $7.8   $(48.7)  (116)%
Adjusted EBITDA Margin  2 %  (12)% 1,400 bps  1 %  (8)% 900 bps
Enterprise Segment                      
Total Customers  15,726    13,920   13 %           
Annual Recurring Revenue $466.0   $371.7   25 %           
Net Dollar Retention  106 %  115 % (900)bps           
UB Large Customer Net Dollar Retention  113 %  123 % (1,000)bps           
Segment Revenue $114.7   $90.6   27 % $420.6   $314.0   34 %
Segment Gross Profit $79.1   $60.4   31 % $283.4   $209.5   35 %
Segment Gross Margin  69 %  67 % 200 bps  67 %  67 %  bps
Consumer Segment                      
Monthly Average Buyers  1.37    1.36   1 %  1.38    1.34   3 %
Segment Revenue $74.9   $74.7    % $308.3   $315.1   (2)%
Segment Gross Profit $38.3   $37.4   3 % $163.8   $165.8   (1)%
Segment Gross Margin  51 %  50 % 100 bps  53 %  53 %  bps

“Udemy ended the year with solid fourth quarter and full year 2023 results that exceeded expectations as we executed on all of our strategic priorities,” said Greg Brown, Udemy’s President and CEO. “Companies around the world are partnering with us to support their transformation to becoming skills-based organizations and to stay current with technological advancements, such as generative AI, resulting in more than 13 billion minutes of learning on Udemy’s platform in 2023. With a disciplined approach to operational efficiency throughout the organization, we delivered our first full year of positive adjusted EBITDA ahead of plan. While the challenging operating environment creates some near-term headwinds, we remain as positive as ever about the long-term growth opportunities available to us.

“Finally, our share repurchase program underscores the confidence that our board and management team have in our strategy and the future of Udemy and reinforces our commitment to deliver returns for Udemy shareholders,” concluded Brown.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Highlights:

  • Total revenue increased 15% year-over-year to $189.5 million and exceeded the high end of Udemy’s guidance range for the quarter by approximately $3 million. Revenue growth includes a negative impact of 1 percentage point from changes in foreign exchange (FX) rates year-over-year.
  • Enterprise segment, or Udemy Business, revenue increased 27% year-over-year, including the negative impact of 2 percentage points from changes in FX rates year-over-year, to $114.7 million.
  • Udemy Business Annual Recurring Revenue (ARR) increased 25% year-over-year to $466.0 million.
  • Consumer segment revenue growth was flat year-over-year, including the negative impact of less than one percentage point from changes in FX rates year-over-year, at $74.9 million.
  • Ended the quarter with $480.9 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities.

Business and Operational Highlights

  • Acquired 10 million new learners and more than 1,800 net new Enterprise customers to the Udemy platform in 2023, ending the year with a total of 69 million and 15,726, respectively.
  • Added new, or expanded existing, relationships with Udemy Business customers globally, including Airbus SE (France), Banco de Costa Rica (Costa Rica), Canada Revenue Agency (Canada), Hewlett Packard Enterprise Globalsoft Pvt Ltd. (India), Johnson Controls (U.S.), Marriott International (U.S.), Mercado Libre (Uruguay), Nutanix, Inc. (U.S.), Shoprite Holdings Ltd. (South Africa), Texas Instruments Inc. (U.S.), Ulta Beauty (U.S.), and Williams-Sonoma (U.S.).
  • Continued Udemy Business’s expansion in the Asia-Pacific region with new customer wins and expansions through strategic reseller partnerships, including Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (Japan), KAIST (S. Korea), Kobelco Construction Machinery Co. (Japan), Korean Air (S. Korea), NCSOFT Corporation (S. Korea), Shein (Singapore), SK mySUNI (S. Korea), and Trend Micro Inc. (Japan).
  • Entered into a multi-year partnership with McLaren Racing to become its Official Learning and Skills Partner, including the McLaren Formula 1 Team, Arrow McLaren IndyCar Team, NEOM McLaren Formula E Team and NEOM McLaren Extreme E Team.
  • Partnered with ServiceNow, a leading digital workflow platform, to integrate more than 75 of Udemy’s ‘power skills'’ courses into ServiceNow’s ‘Now Learning’ platform to complement existing technology training.
  • Introduced Udemy’s comprehensive Intelligent Skills Platform, which will include Udemy AI Learning Assistant, Udemy AI Skills Mapping and several new enhancements for content creators/instructors, such as a gen AI-assisted Q&A feature.
  • Redesigned the homepage to better-position Udemy as the leading skills-development solution for organizations and professionals.
  • Launched a new feature that allows Udemy Business learners to discover, import and share badges attained from their account to their internal company channels and on social media.
  • Selected as a 2024 G2 Best Software Awards winner, ranked #4 in the Education Products category. The Best Software Awards are awarded to companies across the globe that provide best-in-class products and experiences for their enterprise customers.
  • Ranked 17th on the list of top U.S. employers and honored regionally in Austin, Colorado and San Francisco for the second consecutive year for Built In’s annual list of Best Places to Work.

Share Repurchase Program

Udemy’s Board of Directors has approved its first share repurchase program under which the Company is authorized to repurchase up to $100 million of Udemy common stock. These shares may be purchased in either the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, in accordance with SEC regulations.

Financial Outlook

Udemy provides guidance based on current market conditions and expectations. Actual results may differ materially. Please refer to the comments below regarding forward-looking statements.

The following table reflects Udemy’s financial outlook for its first quarter and full year ending December 31, 2024.

 Three Months Ending
March 31, 2024
 Year Ending
December 31, 2024
Revenue$193 - $196 million $795 - $810 million
Adjusted EBITDA Margin1Breakeven 1.5% - 2.0%
Weighted Average Share Count, Basic2158 million 160 million
Weighted Average Share Count, Diluted2163 million 167 million
1. Udemy has not provided a quantitative reconciliation of forecasted Adjusted EBITDA to forecasted GAAP net income (loss) within this earnings release because the Company is unable, without making unreasonable efforts, to calculate certain reconciling items with confidence.
2. Udemy’s outlook for weighted average share count, basic and diluted, excludes any impact from potential future repurchase activities under our share repurchase program.

The revenue guidance range above assumes historical changes in FX rates will not have a meaningful impact on total year-over-year revenue growth in the first quarter, but assumes an estimated negative impact of 3 percentage points for the full year 2024. Udemy's revenue guidance assumes constant FX rates set at the start of the year.

Webcast Information

Udemy will host a conference call and webcast at 2:00 p.m. PT / 5:00 p.m. ET today, Wednesday, February 14 to discuss its fourth quarter and full year 2023 financial results and outlook. A link to the live webcast and recorded replay of the conference call will be available on the “Quarterly Results” section of Udemy’s Investor Relations website at The live call may also be accessed via telephone at (833) 630-1963 domestically and (412) 317-5702 internationally. The archived replay of the webcast will be available for approximately one year.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement the consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), this press release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures as defined below. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures, when taken together with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results because our management team and board of directors use these non-GAAP financial measures for the purposes of assessing operating results and business planning. These non-GAAP financial measures also provide useful measures for period-to-period comparisons of our business by removing the effect of certain non-cash expenses and certain variable charges.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as net loss determined in accordance with GAAP, excluding i) interest income; ii) interest expense; iii) provision for income taxes; iv) depreciation and amortization; v) other expense, net, including gains and losses from the remeasurement of foreign currency assets and liabilities into their functional currency; vi) stock-based compensation expense; and vii) restructuring charges. We calculate Adjusted EBITDA Margin as Adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue for the same period. We have not reconciled our expectations for Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin to net loss and net loss margin, respectively, the most directly comparable GAAP measures, because certain items are out of our control or cannot be reasonably predicted and a reconciliation for the guidance for Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin is not available without unreasonable effort.

Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) and Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) Per Share, Basic and Diluted

We define non-GAAP net income (loss) as net loss, adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, and restructuring charges.

We define non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, basic, as non-GAAP net income (loss) divided by weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic. We define non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted, as non-GAAP net income (loss) divided by weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, diluted, which adjusts for the potentially dilutive effects of our employee equity incentive plans.

Non-GAAP Gross Profit and Non-GAAP Gross Margin

We define non-GAAP gross profit as gross profit, adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense and the amortization of acquired intangible assets. We calculate non-GAAP gross margin as non-GAAP gross profit divided by revenue for the same period.

Udemy’s non-GAAP financial measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The presentation of non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Because of the limitations of non-GAAP financial measures, you should consider the non-GAAP financial measures presented herein in conjunction with Udemy’s financial statements and the related notes thereto. Please refer to the non-GAAP reconciliations in this press release for a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable financial measure prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Key Business Metrics

Udemy Business customers

We count the total number of Udemy Business (“UB”) customers at the end of each period. To do so, we generally count unique customers using the concept of a domestic ultimate parent, defined as the highest business in the family tree that is in the same country as the contracted entity. In some cases, we deviate from this methodology, defining the contracted entity as a unique customer despite the existence of a domestic ultimate parent. This often occurs where the domestic ultimate parent is a financial owner, government entity, conglomerate, or acquisition target where we have contracted directly with the subsidiary. We define a UB customer as a customer who purchases Udemy via our direct sales force, reseller partnerships or through our self-service platform.

Udemy Business Annual Recurring Revenue

We disclose our UB ARR as a measure of our Enterprise revenue growth. ARR represents the annualized value of our UB customer contracts on the last day of a given period. Only revenue from closed UB contracts with active seats as of the last day of the period are included.

Udemy Business Net Dollar Retention Rate and Udemy Business Large Customer Net Dollar Retention Rate

We disclose UB Net Dollar Retention Rate, or UB NDRR, as a measure of revenue growth for all UB customers within our Enterprise segment, including UB Large Customers, which we define as companies with at least 1,000 employees. We calculate UB NDRR as the total ARR at the end of a trailing twelve-month period divided by the total ARR at the beginning of a trailing twelve-month period for the cohort of all UB customers active at the beginning of the trailing twelve-month period. We calculate UB Large Customer NDRR as the total UB Large Customer ARR at the end of a trailing twelve-month period divided by the total Large Customer ARR at the beginning of a trailing twelve-month period for the cohort of UB customers with at least 1,000 employees active at the beginning of the trailing twelve-month period. Total ARR and Large Customer ARR at the end of a trailing twelve-month period are calculated as ARR and Large Customer ARR, respectively, at the beginning of a trailing twelve-month period that are then adjusted for upsells, downsells, and churns for the same cohort of customers during that period. Large Customer ARR represents the annualized value of contracts for UB customers with active seats and having at least 1,000 employees on the last day of a given period.

Monthly average buyers

A buyer is a consumer who purchases a course or subscription through our direct-to-consumer offering. We first determine the number of monthly buyers by taking the total buyers of single courses during a given month plus the total active, paid consumer subscribers at any point in that month, adjusting for duplicate buyers that may be present in both totals. We then calculate monthly average buyers by taking an average of the monthly buyer totals over a particular period, such as a fiscal year. Our monthly average buyer count is not intended as a measure of active engagement, as not all buyers are active at any given time or over any given period.

Segment revenue and segment gross profit

Segment revenue represents the revenue recognized from our two segments, Enterprise (or Udemy Business), and Consumer. Segment gross profit is defined as segment revenue less segment cost of revenue, which include content costs, hosting and platform costs, customer support services, and payment processing fees that are allocable to each segment. Segment gross profit excludes amortization of capitalized software, amortization of intangible assets, depreciation, and stock-based compensation allocated to cost of revenue as our chief operating decision maker does not include the information in his measurement of the performance of the operating segments.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding Udemy’s expectations relating to future operating results and financial position, including the second quarter of 2023, the full year 2023, and future periods; anticipated future expenses and investments; our business strategy and plans; market growth; and our market position and potential market opportunities. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “potential,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” “could,” “would,” “project,” “plan,” “target,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance.

The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted include, among others, those risks and uncertainties included under the caption "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including, without limitation, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2023, filed with the SEC on November 2, 2023. All information provided in this release is as of the date hereof, and we undertake no duty to update this information unless required by law.

About Udemy

Udemy (Nasdaq: UDMY) transforms lives through learning by providing flexible, effective skill development to empower organizations and individuals. The Udemy marketplace platform, with thousands of up-to-date courses in dozens of languages, offers the tools learners, instructors and enterprises need to achieve their goals and reach their full potential. Millions of people learn on the Udemy platform from real-world experts in topics ranging from programming and data science to leadership and team building. Udemy Business enables employers to offer on-demand learning for all employees, immersive learning for tech teams and cohort learning for leaders. Udemy Business customers include FenderⓇ, Glassdoor, On24, The World Bank and Volkswagen. Udemy is headquartered in San Francisco with hubs in Ankara and Istanbul, Türkiye; Austin, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Dublin, Ireland; Melbourne, Australia; and New Delhi, India.

Udemy, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended December 31, Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Revenue$189,545  $165,330  $728,937  $629,097 
Cost of revenue (1) (2) 79,695   73,990   309,598   275,320 
Gross profit 109,850   91,340   419,339   353,777 
Operating expenses (1) (2)       
Sales and marketing 83,218   88,558   316,738   301,347 
Research and development 29,506   29,961   120,335   104,556 
General and administrative 22,786   26,917   93,898   99,064 
Restructuring charges       10,263    
Total operating expenses 135,510   145,436   541,234   504,967 
Loss from operations (25,660)  (54,096)  (121,895)  (151,190)
Other income (expense)         
Interest income 5,912   3,691   20,670   5,548 
Interest expense (54)  (356)  (518)  (1,251)
Other income (expense), net 283   (257)  (1,898)  (4,696)
Total other income (expense), net 6,141   3,078   18,254   (399)
Net loss before taxes (19,519)  (51,018)  (103,641)  (151,589)
Income tax provision (729)  (1,135)  (3,653)  (2,286)
Net loss$(20,248) $(52,153) $(107,294) $(153,875)
Net loss per share       
Basic and diluted$(0.13) $(0.36) $(0.71) $(1.09)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share       
Basic and diluted 155,161,554   143,120,852   150,098,776   140,873,504 

(1)  Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended December 31, Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023  2022  2023  2022
Cost of revenue$1,876 $1,920 $7,006 $5,360
Sales and marketing 7,837  10,538  30,859  29,054
Research and development 6,539  7,547  26,301  20,850
General and administrative 6,866  8,245  30,672  26,029
Restructuring charges     1,208  
Total stock-based compensation expense$23,118 $28,250 $96,046 $81,293

(2)  Includes amortization of intangible assets as follows (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended December 31, Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023  2022  2023  2022
Cost of revenue$725 $725 $2,900 $2,900
Sales and marketing 229  341  1,208  1,366
Total amortization of intangible assets$954 $1,066 $4,108 $4,266

Udemy, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
 December 31, December 31,
  2023   2022 
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$305,564  $313,685 
Restricted cash, current 3,329    
Marketable securities 171,372   151,687 
Accounts receivable, net 92,555   104,530 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 20,924   14,878 
Deferred contract costs, current 38,584   30,234 
     Total current assets 632,328   615,014 
Property and equipment, net 4,439   7,012 
Capitalized software, net 31,388   27,412 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 5,691   11,377 
Restricted cash, non-current 659   3,629 
Deferred contract costs, non-current 35,790   35,411 
Strategic investments 10,311   12,104 
Intangible assets, net 5,223   9,331 
Goodwill 12,646   12,646 
Other assets 2,721   3,632 
     Total assets$741,196  $737,568 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$2,506  $14,529 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 27,778   31,247 
Content costs payable 40,277   37,310 
Accrued compensation and benefits 24,332   22,882 
Operating lease liabilities, current 5,825   7,002 
Deferred revenue, current 279,414   273,937 
     Total current liabilities 380,132   386,907 
Operating lease liabilities, non-current 1,124   6,545 
Deferred revenue, non-current 3,000   4,342 
Other liabilities, non-current 48   464 
     Total liabilities 384,304   398,258 
Stockholders' equity:   
Preferred stock     
Common stock 2   1 
Additional paid-in capital 1,076,508   951,946 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss 80   (233)
Accumulated deficit (719,698)  (612,404)
     Total stockholders’ equity 356,892   339,310 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$741,196  $737,568 

Udemy, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
 Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022 
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(107,294) $(153,875)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss attributable to common stockholders to net cash used in operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization 24,588   21,216 
Amortization of deferred contract costs 48,161   32,279 
Stock-based compensation 96,046   81,293 
Allowance for credit losses 1,662   960 
Accretion of marketable securities (7,492)  (896)
Non-cash operating lease expense 5,856   6,205 
Unrealized loss on strategic investments 1,793   2,896 
Other 1,178   690 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
  Accounts receivable 10,313   (32,309)
  Prepaid expenses and other assets (5,831)  (4)
  Deferred contract costs (56,890)  (53,379)
  Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities (14,429)  (28,620)
  Content costs payable 2,967   1,349 
  Operating lease liabilities (6,768)  (6,487)
  Deferred revenue 4,135   67,725 
    Net cash used in operating activities (2,005)  (60,957)
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Purchases of marketable securities (307,706)  (158,503)
Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities 295,800   7,500 
Purchases of property and equipment (632)  (1,564)
Capitalized software costs (12,434)  (14,160)
Purchases of strategic investments    (5,000)
Payments related to business combinations    (1,500)
    Net cash used in investing activities (24,972)  (173,227)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Net proceeds from exercise of stock options 17,911   7,149 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards (6,760)   
Proceeds from share purchases under employee stock purchase plan 8,044   9,192 
Payment of deferred offering costs    (1,586)
    Net cash provided by financing activities 19,195   14,755 
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash flows 20   (25)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (7,762)  (219,454)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—Beginning of period 317,314   536,768 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—End of period$309,552  $317,314 

Udemy, Inc.
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except percentages, share and per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended December 31, Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Gross profit$109,850  $91,340  $419,339  $353,777 
Stock-based compensation expense 1,876   1,920   7,006   5,360 
Intangible asset amortization 725   725   2,900   2,900 
Non-GAAP gross profit$112,451  $93,985  $429,245  $362,037 
Gross margin (1) 58%  55%  58%  56%
Non-GAAP gross margin (2) 59%  57%  59%  58%

(1)  We calculate gross margin as gross profit divided by revenue for the same period.
(2)  We calculate non-GAAP gross margin as non-GAAP gross profit divided by revenue for the same period.

 Three Months Ended December 31, Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net loss$(20,248) $(52,153) $(107,294) $(153,875)
Stock-based compensation expense 23,118   28,250   94,838   81,293 
Intangible asset amortization 954   1,066   4,108   4,266 
Restructuring charges       10,263    
Non-GAAP net income (loss)$3,824  $(22,837) $1,915  $(68,316)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share, basic 155,161,554   143,120,852   150,098,776   140,873,504 
Effect of dilutive securities (3) 7,688,463      6,998,611    
Weighted-average shares used in computing non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted 162,850,017   143,120,852   157,097,387   140,873,504 
Net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.13) $(0.36) $(0.71) $(1.09)
Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, basic$0.02  $(0.16) $0.01  $(0.48)
Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted$0.02  $(0.16) $0.01  $(0.48)

(3)  For periods presented with a non-GAAP net loss, we have excluded the effect of potentially dilutive securities as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

 Three Months Ended December 31, Fiscal Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net loss$(20,248) $(52,153) $(107,294) $(153,875)
Adjusted to exclude the following:         
Interest income (5,912)  (3,691)  (20,670)  (5,548)
Interest expense 54   356   518   1,251 
Income tax provision 729   1,135   3,653   2,286 
Depreciation and amortization 6,519   5,600   24,588   21,216 
Stock-based compensation expense 23,118   28,250   94,838   81,293 
Other income (expense), net (283)  257   1,898   4,696 
Restructuring charges       10,263    
Adjusted EBITDA$3,977  $(20,246) $7,794  $(48,681)
Net loss margin (4) (11)%  (32)%  (15)%  (24)%
Adjusted EBITDA margin (5) 2%  (12)%  1%  (8)%

(4)  We calculate net loss margin as net loss divided by revenue for the same period.
(5)  We calculate adjusted EBITDA margin as adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue for the same period.

Investor Contact
Dennis Walsh
Vice President, Investor Relations

Media Contact
Abby Welch
Senior Director, Corporate Communications