News Release

Udemy Reports Second Quarter 2023 Results

August 3, 2023  |  
  • Udemy Business revenue increased 36% year-over-year, exceeding $100 million for the first time
  • Reported first quarter of positive adjusted EBITDA as a public company
  • Introduced a new Badging offering and Integrated Skills Framework that will enable organizations to future-proof their workforce

SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 03, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Udemy (Nasdaq: UDMY), a company dedicated to improving lives through learning, today reported results for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2023.

“Udemy’s second quarter results reflect high-level execution from our team,” said Greg Brown, Udemy’s President and CEO. “We are in the early stages of a transformational shift as more companies become skills-based organizations and advancements in technology, such as generative AI, are reshaping the future of work. Udemy’s Badging offering and Integrated Skills Framework deepen our commitment to our customers by empowering them with the ability to identify skills gaps within their workforce, develop strategies to bridge those gaps and measure learning outcomes. We believe Udemy is well-positioned to capitalize on meaningful long-term tailwinds for our business as we lead the transformation to a skills-based economy.”

Second quarter 2023 financial performance highlights include:

  • Total revenue increased 16% year-over-year to $178.2 million and exceeded the high end of the guidance range for the quarter by $4 million. Revenue growth includes a negative impact of 3 percentage points from changes in foreign exchange (FX) rates year-over-year.
  • Enterprise segment, or Udemy Business, revenue increased 36% year-over-year, including the negative impact of 3 percentage points from changes in FX rates year-over-year, to $101.6 million.
  • Udemy Business Annual Recurring Revenue (ARR) increased 33% year-over-year to $420.4 million.
  • Consumer segment revenue decreased 2% year-over-year, including the negative impact of 3 percentage points from changes in FX rates year-over-year, to $76.6 million.
  • Ended the quarter with $469.0 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities.

Second Quarter 2023 Financial Results and Key Operating Data Summary:
(in millions, except customers, percentages and basis points)

  Three Months Ended June 30, % Change Six Months Ended June 30, % Change
  2023 2022 YoY 2023 2022 YoY
Revenue $178.2   $153.1   16 % $354.7   $305.3   16 %
Gross Profit $102.3   $87.3   17 % $202.0   $173.1   17 %
Gross Margin  57 %  57 %  bps  57 %  57 %  bps
Non-GAAP Gross Profit $104.8   $89.0   18 % $206.8   $176.4   17 %
Non-GAAP Gross Margin  59 %  58 % 100 bps  58 %  58 %  bps
Net Loss $(25.7)  $(29.4)  (13)% $(70.3)  $(55.0)  28 %
Non-GAAP Net Loss $(1.4)  $(13.6)  (90)% $(9.6)  $(24.8)  (61)%
Adjusted EBITDA $1.9   $(8.6)  (122)% $(4.4)  $(15.6)  (72)%
Adjusted EBITDA Margin  1 %  (6)% 700 bps  (1)%  (5)% 400 bps
Enterprise Segment                      
Total Customers  14,946    12,514   19 %           
Annual Recurring Revenue $420.4   $316.1   33 %           
Net Dollar Retention  108 %  118 % (1,000)bps           
UB Large Customer Net Dollar Retention  115 %  124 % (900)bps           
Segment Revenue $101.6   $74.6   36 % $196.9   $139.5   41 %
Segment Gross Profit $67.7   $49.9   36 % $130.0   $92.7   40 %
Segment Gross Margin  67 %  67 %  bps  66 %  66 %  bps
Consumer Segment                      
Monthly Average Buyers  1.34    1.29   4 %  1.37    1.34   2 %
Segment Revenue $76.6   $78.5   (2)% $157.8   $165.8   (5)%
Segment Gross Profit $41.5   $42.3   (2)% $85.2   $89.8   (5)%
Segment Gross Margin  54 %  54 %  bps  54 %  54 %  bps

Business and Operational Highlights:

  • Udemy Business added new, or expanded existing, relationships with global customers including adesso Group (Germany), Alcoa Corp. (U.S.), AlphaSense, Inc. (U.S.), American Greeting Company (U.S.), B.J.’s Wholesale Club (U.S.), Continental Automotive France (France), EDP Energias de Portugal (Portugal), Exxon Mobil Corp. (U.S.), Ford Motor Company (U.S.), GEICO Corp. (U.S.), Grupo Boldt (Argentina) and Unilever (UK).
  • Continued Udemy Business’s expansion in the Asia-Pacific region with new customer wins through strategic reseller partnerships, including Kaken Pharmaceutical Co. (Japan), Nomura Real Estate Development (Japan), Nitto Denko (Japan), Shinsegae I&C (South Korea) and Sumitomo Life Information Systems Co. (Japan).
  • Introduced the availability of Udemy Badging as part of a new Integrated Skills Framework, a comprehensive skill-building approach that will enable organizations to future-proof their workforce and keep pace with innovation through a series of exciting new offerings. Organizations will be provided with a seamless way to assess their current skills landscape, identify critical gaps and supply employees with an effective way to acquire and demonstrate mastery of in-demand skills, such as AWS, Azure and CompTIA, through affiliated certifications and badges.
  • Continued to harness the power of artificial intelligence (AI) to supercharge how instructors, learners, and organizations can achieve better outcomes on Udemy with a focus on enabling "bite-sized" learning, AI-driven smart search capabilities, skill-based guidance and Actionable Insights Reporting for Leadership Academy.
  • Further advanced the company’s governance with the appointment of seasoned enterprise software industry veteran, Sohaib Abbasi, as Independent Chair of the Board of Directors.
  • Strengthened Udemy’s leadership team with the appointment of Genefa Murphy as Chief Marketing Officer and Prasad Raje as Chief Product Officer, both newly created positions.
  • For the second consecutive year, Udemy was rated the most popular online course for learning to code, according to Stack Overflow's 2023 Developer Survey.
  • Udemy partner, Gale, was awarded “Ongoing Education Solution Provider of the Year" in the fifth annual EdTech Breakthrough Awards for driving innovation in personalized learning and upskilling with Gale Presents: Udemy.
  • Fortune ranked Udemy 19th on its Best Workplaces in the Bay Area(™) and 13th on its Best Workplaces for Millennials(™) 2023 lists in the Large Companies category.

Financial Outlook

Udemy provides guidance based on current market conditions and expectations. Actual results may differ materially. Please refer to the comments below regarding forward-looking statements.

The following table reflects Udemy’s financial outlook for its third quarter and full year ending December 31, 2023.

 Three Months Ending
September 30, 2023
 Year Ending
December 31, 2023
Revenue$176 - $180 million $712 - $720 million
Adjusted EBITDA Margin*(0.5)% - 1.5% (1.0)% - 0.0%
Weighted Average Share Count151 million 149 million
*Udemy has not provided a quantitative reconciliation of forecasted Adjusted EBITDA to forecasted GAAP net income (loss) within this earnings release because the Company is unable, without making unreasonable efforts, to calculate certain reconciling items with confidence.

The revenue guidance range above assumes historical changes in foreign currency exchange rates will negatively impact total revenue year-over-year growth by approximately 2 percentage points in the third quarter and 3 percentage points for the full year 2023. Udemy's revenue guidance also assumes FX rates will remain constant for the remainder of the year.

Webcast Information

Udemy will host a conference call and webcast at 2:00 p.m. PT / 5:00 p.m. ET today, Thursday, August 3 to discuss its second quarter 2023 financial results and outlook. A link to the live webcast and recorded replay of the conference call will be available on the “Quarterly Results” section of Udemy’s Investor Relations website at The live call may also be accessed via telephone at (877) 270-2148 toll-free domestically and at (412) 902-6510 internationally. The archived replay of the webcast will be available for approximately one year.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement the consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), this press release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures, including Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, non-GAAP net loss, non-GAAP gross profit, and non-GAAP gross margin.

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as net loss determined in accordance with GAAP, excluding i) interest (income) expense, net; ii) provision for income taxes; iii) depreciation and amortization; iv) other expense, net, including gains and losses from the remeasurement of foreign currency assets and liabilities into their functional currency v) stock-based compensation expense, and vi) restructuring charges. We calculate Adjusted EBITDA Margin as Adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue for the same period. We have not reconciled our expectations for Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin to net loss and net loss margin, respectively, the most directly comparable GAAP measures, because certain items are out of our control or cannot be reasonably predicted and a reconciliation for the guidance for Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin is not available without unreasonable effort. As Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin facilitates internal comparisons of our historical operating performance on a more consistent basis, we use this measure for business planning purposes. Accordingly, we believe that Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management team and board of directors. In addition, it provides a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of our business, as it removes the effect of certain non-cash expenses and certain variable charges. We define non-GAAP net loss as net loss, adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, and restructuring charges. We define non-GAAP gross profit as gross profit, adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense and the amortization of acquired intangible assets. We calculate non-GAAP gross margin as non-GAAP gross profit divided by revenue for the same period. We believe the presentation of operating results that excludes these items provides useful supplemental information to investors and facilitates the analysis of our operating results and comparison of operating results across reporting periods.

Udemy’s non-GAAP financial measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The presentation of non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Because of the limitations of non-GAAP financial measures, you should consider the non-GAAP financial measures presented herein in conjunction with Udemy’s financial statements and the related notes thereto. Please refer to the non-GAAP reconciliations in this press release for a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable financial measure prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding Udemy’s expectations relating to future operating results and financial position, including the second quarter of 2023, the full year 2023, and future periods; anticipated future expenses and investments; our business strategy and plans; market growth; and our market position and potential market opportunities. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “potential,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” “could,” “would,” “project,” “plan,” “target,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance.

The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted include, among others, those risks and uncertainties included under the caption "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including, without limitation, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2023, filed with the SEC on August 3, 2023. All information provided in this release is as of the date hereof, and we undertake no duty to update this information unless required by law.

About Udemy
Udemy (Nasdaq: UDMY) improves lives through learning by providing flexible, effective skill development to empower organizations and individuals. The Udemy marketplace platform, with thousands of up-to-date courses in dozens of languages, offers the tools learners, instructors and enterprises need to achieve their goals and reach their full potential. Millions of people learn on the Udemy platform from real-world experts in topics ranging from programming and data science to leadership and team building. Udemy Business enables employers to offer on-demand learning for all employees, immersive learning for tech teams and cohort learning for leaders. Udemy Business customers include Fender®, Glassdoor, On24, The World Bank and Volkswagen. Udemy is headquartered in San Francisco with hubs in Ankara and Istanbul, Türkiye; Austin, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Dublin, Ireland; Melbourne, Australia; and New Delhi, India.

Udemy, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Revenue$178,240  $153,112  $354,670  $305,335 
Cost of revenue (1) (2) 75,938   65,812   152,639   132,250 
Gross profit 102,302   87,300   202,031   173,085 
Operating expenses (1)(2)       
Sales and marketing 77,371   68,421   157,028   135,299 
Research and development 29,635   23,963   60,522   46,533 
General and administrative 22,623   23,443   48,957   45,096 
Restructuring charges 135      10,263    
Total operating expenses 129,764   115,827   276,770   226,928 
Loss from operations (27,462)  (28,527)  (74,739)  (53,843)
Other income (expense)       
Interest income, net 4,944   127   8,876   370 
Other expense, net (2,161)  (672)  (2,303)  (916)
Total other income (expense), net 2,783   (545)  6,573   (546)
Net loss before taxes (24,679)  (29,072)  (68,166)  (54,389)
Income tax provision (1,056)  (308)  (2,113)  (640)
Net loss$(25,735) $(29,380) $(70,279) $(55,029)
Net loss per share       
Basic and diluted$(0.17) $(0.21) $(0.48) $(0.39)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share       
Basic and diluted 148,071,315   140,035,203   146,910,959   139,691,508 

(1)  Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Cost of revenue$1,749  $989  $3,342  $1,829 
Sales and marketing 8,099   5,007   15,376   9,144 
Research and development 6,423   3,711   12,717   7,045 
General and administrative 6,890   5,025   16,801   10,056 
Restructuring charges       1,208    
Total stock-based compensation expense$23,161  $14,732  $49,444  $28,074 

(2)  Includes amortization of intangible assets as follows (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Cost of revenue$725  $726  $1,450  $1,450 
Sales and marketing 341   341   683   683 
Total intangible amortization expense$1,066  $1,067  $2,133  $2,133 

Udemy, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
 June 30, December 31,
  2023   2022 
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$323,227  $313,685 
Marketable securities 142,287   151,687 
Accounts receivable, net 86,995   104,530 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 14,155   14,878 
Deferred contract costs, current 38,678   30,234 
Total current assets 605,342   615,014 
Property and equipment, net 5,485   7,012 
Capitalized software, net 30,350   27,412 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 8,620   11,377 
Restricted cash, non-current 3,529   3,629 
Deferred contract costs, non-current 35,174   35,411 
Strategic investments 10,311   12,104 
Intangible assets, net 7,197   9,331 
Goodwill 12,646   12,646 
Other assets 3,490   3,632 
Total assets$722,144  $737,568 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$5,314  $14,529 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 27,166   31,247 
Content costs payable 37,105   37,310 
Accrued compensation and benefits 21,520   22,882 
Operating lease liabilities, current 7,081   7,002 
Deferred revenue, current 285,346   273,937 
Total current liabilities 383,532   386,907 
Operating lease liabilities, non-current 3,282   6,545 
Deferred revenue, non-current 2,179   4,342 
Other liabilities, non-current 30   464 
Total liabilities 389,023   398,258 
Stockholders' equity:   
Preferred stock     
Common stock 1   1 
Additional paid-in capital 1,015,851   951,946 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (48)  (233)
Accumulated deficit (682,683)  (612,404)
Total stockholders’ equity 333,121   339,310 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$722,144  $737,568 

Udemy, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
 Six Months Ended June 30,
  2023   2022 
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net loss$(70,279) $(55,029)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization 11,886   10,200 
Amortization of deferred sales commissions 21,829   13,965 
Stock-based compensation 49,444   28,074 
Allowance for credit losses 1,011   517 
Accretion of marketable securities (3,431)   
Non-cash operating lease expense 3,012   3,101 
Unrealized loss on strategic investments 1,793    
Other 633   252 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable 16,524   3,356 
Prepaid expenses and other assets 505   1,243 
Deferred contract costs (30,036)  (27,381)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities (14,899)  (22,034)
Content costs payable (206)  (2,652)
Operating lease liabilities (3,436)  (3,146)
Deferred revenue 9,246   33,099 
    Net cash used in operating activities (6,404)  (16,435)
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Purchases of marketable securities (125,968)   
Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities 139,000    
Purchases of property and equipment (243)  (699)
Capitalized software costs (6,385)  (6,643)
Purchases of strategic investments    (5,000)
    Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 6,404   (12,342)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Net proceeds from exercise of stock options 4,710   3,831 
Proceeds from share purchases under employee stock purchase plan 4,757   5,563 
Payment of deferred offering costs    (1,586)
    Net cash provided by financing activities 9,467   7,808 
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash flows (25)  (4)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 9,442   (20,973)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—Beginning of period 317,314   536,768 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—End of period$326,756  $515,795 

Udemy, Inc.
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2023 2022 2023 2022
Gross profit$102,302  $87,300  $202,031  $173,085 
Stock-based compensation expense 1,749   989   3,342   1,829 
Intangible asset amortization 725   726   1,450   1,450 
Non-GAAP gross profit$104,776  $89,015  $206,823  $176,364 
Gross margin (1) 57%  57%  57%  57%
Non-GAAP gross margin (2) 59%  58%  58%  58%
(1)  We calculate gross margin as gross profit divided by revenue for the same period.
(2)  We calculate non-GAAP gross margin as non-GAAP gross profit divided by revenue for the same period.

 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net loss$(25,735) $(29,380) $(70,279) $(55,029)
Stock-based compensation expense 23,161   14,732   48,236   28,074 
Intangible asset amortization 1,066   1,067   2,133   2,133 
Restructuring charges 135      10,263    
Non-GAAP net loss$(1,373) $(13,581) $(9,647) $(24,822)
Net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.17) $(0.21) $(0.48) $(0.39)
Non-GAAP net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.01) $(0.10) $(0.07) $(0.18)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share - basic and diluted 148,071,315   140,035,203   146,910,959   139,691,508 

 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2023 2022 2023 2022
Net loss$(25,735) $(29,380) $(70,279) $(55,029)
Adjusted to exclude the following:       
Interest income, net (4,944)  (127)  (8,876)  (370)
Provision for income taxes 1,056   308   2,113   640 
Depreciation and amortization 6,100   5,233   11,886   10,200 
Stock-based compensation expense 23,161   14,732   48,236   28,074 
Other expense, net 2,161   672   2,303   916 
Restructuring charges 135      10,263    
Adjusted EBITDA$1,934  $(8,562) $(4,354) $(15,569)
Net loss margin (3)(14)% (19)% (20)% (18)%
Adjusted EBITDA margin (4) 1 % (6)% (1)% (5)%
(3)  We calculate net loss margin as net loss divided by revenue for the same period.
(4)  We calculate adjusted EBITDA margin as adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue for the same period.

Investor Contact

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Vice President, Investor Relations

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Senior Director, Corporate Communications